The occupational therapy process is based on initial and repeated assessments. The occupational therapist together with the person they are working with focus on individual and environmental abilities and problems related to the activities in the person’s daily life.
Assessment includes the use of standardized procedures, interviews, observations in a variety of settings and consultations with significant people in the person’s life.
The results of the assessment are the basis of the plan which includes short and long term aims of treatment. The plan should be relevant to the person’s developmental stage, habit, roles, life-style preferences and the environment.
Intervention focuses on programs that are person oriented and environmental. These are designed to facilitate the performance of everyday tasks and adaptation of settings in which the person works, socializes. Examples include teaching new techniques and providing equipment which facilitate independence in personal care, reducing environmental barriers and providing resources to lessen stress.
Occupational therapist recognized the importance of team work. Cooperate and coordinate with other professionals, families, caregivers and volunteers are important in the realization of the holistic approach.